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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. James Andrews" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 4 Mar 2019 22:26:03 +0800
Subject: Mr.James Andrews

Dear Sir ,
My name is Mr.James Andrews, I am facilitating for a private investor
currently in the United Kingdom for investment . My client has clean
and unambiguous funds to the tune of USD$88 Million United States
Dollars which he made as a former oil minister to invest in a
profitable long-term business in your country under your supervision
and also interested in investing in the establishment of a Hotel and
Real Estate with your directions .
I have however contacted you on trust to discuss your assistance and
commission in this endeavor and to facilitate a rather more secured
link with you, kindly get back to me for more details.

This project is ready for execution as soon as I hear from you and do
note that I have contacted you in a private capacity.

I look forward to your swift response to this letter on Email:

Sincerely Yours,

Mr. James Andrews

Anti-fraud resources: