fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr.(Mrs)Linda Johnson" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 5 Mar 2019 10:16:51 +0100
Subject: Best Solution®.
Compliment of the Day.
Despite all effort to move out the Investment funds from my Bank it was very Difficult for us and we have series of meeting with my Bankers about this matter regarding
the best Options to adopt but all effort was abortive.
Today, My Financial Consultant has finally resolved with the Bank and they have agreed to move the funds through Private Secured Unlimited Master Card which will be
Issued in your Company name and you can start making withdrawals amounting between 10,000 (Euro) Daily from any Bank ATM/POS Machines and you can also transfer 300,000
(Euro) Weekly using this Private Secured Unlimited Master Card .
For me, this is the best Option for us to move the Investments funds to your Country because everything about the Private Secured Unlimited Master Card will be Issued
in your name.
Thanks and Best Regards