fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Mrs Joy DENIS <email@example.com>
Reply-To: Mrs Joy DENIS <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 12 Mar 2019 16:37:46 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: YOUR ATM VISA CARD CONTENTS $4,500,000 WITH DHL
The conduct which is (ATM-0411) so you have to show this code when contacting the card DHL by using it as the subject to receive your ATM Card contents $3.5Million Will Released To You into ATM CARD okay
Reply to DHL courier Delivery Company of Benin,the management of this company,wishes to inform you that,we received a parcel or package containing an ATM Master Card valued $3.500,000 Million USD with the vital PIN on it,from the IMF/ecowas for safety delivery to your residential address in your country as soon as send your info.
I have register the parcel or package to the DHL courier Delivery Company yesterday morning,the order give to me from IMF ATM Card office,please reconfirm the below information,to avoid wrong delivery of your ATM Master Card.
1) Your Full Name:..
3) Occupation, Age And Marital Status:..
4) Copy Of Your Int'l Passport/Drivers License:..
Send your require information via Email Address ( email@example.com )
MR DAVID MORRIS.
Calling Number Tel.+229-95589622
We will register your package and send you the tracking numbers before we proceed for safety delivery of your package as soon as you reconfirm the required information for safety delivery.Send your require information via Email Address ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
DHL is one of the world's great success stories, the start-up that revolutionized the delivery of packages and information. In the past 33years, we've grown up and grown into a diverse family of companies as DHL that's bigger, stronger, better than ever.
Mrs Joy DENIS