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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: " IMF/FBI department" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 12 Mar 2019 17:43:30 -0700
Subject: IMF/FBI department

I am Barrister Lewis Edward from the IMF/FBI department. This is a last notice about your fund. If you don't claim your fund now it will be cancelled. We have mandated the affiliate payment center to release your fund. The only thing you have to do now is for the to authorize the transfer of fund into your account. The only fee you have to make is $510 just for the cost of transfer because every other expenses has been taken care of. Note that the cost of transfer cannot be deducted from the fund because of lack of "power of attorney".
You need to contact the affiliate payment officer Mr. Frank Morgan, email: ( and send them the fee so they can get your fund transferred to you without delay.
Bar. Lewis Edward

Anti-fraud resources: