fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "James Goodman Consulting" (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 16 Mar 2019 13:23:01 -0000
Subject: RE: Confidential Business Proposal
Dear good friend,
How are you and your family doing today? I hope you are doing great. My name is Mr. James Goodman, working as financial consultant and advisor here in Surrey, United Kingdom. I am writing to you regarding a business deal that would be beneficial to both of us. It is about my deceased client, Mrs. Therese Brouwer, a managing director who was head of an energy finance unit at ING Group NV.
Royal Bank of Scotland has failed in the search of any of her closest relatives or business partners, so that the value of her account could be transferred to them. I am seeking your permission to present you to claim her fund valued at 16,500,000.00 GBP which is deposited with RBS.
If you are interested, please respond to me for more details.
Mr. James Goodman
Senior Financial Consultant
James Goodman Consulting