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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "James Goodman Consulting" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 16 Mar 2019 13:23:01 -0000
Subject: RE: Confidential Business Proposal

Dear good friend,

How are you and your family doing today? I hope you are doing great. My name is Mr. James Goodman, working as financial consultant and advisor here in Surrey, United Kingdom. I am writing to you regarding a business deal that would be beneficial to both of us. It is about my deceased client, Mrs. Therese Brouwer, a managing director who was head of an energy finance unit at ING Group NV.

Royal Bank of Scotland has failed in the search of any of her closest relatives or business partners, so that the value of her account could be transferred to them. I am seeking your permission to present you to claim her fund valued at 16,500,000.00 GBP which is deposited with RBS.

If you are interested, please respond to me for more details.

Yours sincerely,
Mr. James Goodman
Senior Financial Consultant
James Goodman Consulting

Anti-fraud resources: