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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "MR. JAMES NORIEGA" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 17 Mar 2019 14:10:27 -0700

Good Day,

My name is Mr. James Noriega, I work for one of the British Private financial security companies.

I would need your consent to present you as next of kin to a late customer who had died of heart attack in April 2018. He was a wealthy businessman and had deposited a huge amount in our Financial Security Company. He died without any registered next of kin in record as he was long divorced and had no child.

I managed his account as his account officer and I have in my possession all relevant documents and historic data required to present you as next of kin to his account. I am contacting you because I strongly believe with all the relevant document that I have with regards to the account, that I can personally fix your information to the documents, which will declare you 100% as the next of kin.

We can work together to claim these fund. This is real and it goes on in Banks and financial security company all over the world.

However, if this proposal offends your morals, please do accept my sincere apology.

If on the contrary you wish to achieve this goal with me, please kindly provide the following information so we can discuss in details.

1. Your Full name.
2: Your telephone
3. Occupation and Nationality.
4. Date of Birth.

I sincerely and urgently hope to get your response as soon as possible.

Please contact me through my private E-mail address ( )

Yours Sincerely,
Mr. James Noriega
London England

Anti-fraud resources: