fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (AOL; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. David Pinotti" <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 21 Mar 2019 12:51:57 -0700
Subject: Re: RV: Confirmation Needed
Payment Reconciliation Center.
Office of The IMF
Date: 2019 First Quarter
Good Morning to you
This is Mr David Pinotti. I write in respect to the fund
awarded to you since 2014 valued $4,150,567.00 (Four million,
one hundred and fifty thousand five hundred and sixty seven
dollars) been inheritance fund.
Until this day i am yet to confirm successful setup of the
lucrative business after receiving your fund. This is a routine
check carried out by the IMF after years of award and release of fund.
Kindly reconfirm to me successful receive of the fund and brief
details of how far you have gone with your establishment and the
value as of date. It is very urgent for record keeping and if you
have not received your fund valued $4,150,567.00, quickly get back
to me on this Email : (firstname.lastname@example.org) without delay.
Mr. David Pinotti