fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "million united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Korea Development Bank <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 22 Mar 2019 07:24:48 +0800
Subject: Authentic Proposal!!!
I am sure you will be apprehensive/Skeptical about my email due to the
Level of Scams going on in the Internet in recent times but i need you
to be rest assured that i am not here to waste your valuable time or
mine for any reason, my Name is Mr Woojung Yang, I am the Chief
Information Security Officer of Korea Development Bank, South Korea,
There is the sum of $30,000.000.00 USD (Thirty Million United States
Dollars) in my bank, there were no legal beneficiaries stated
concerning these funds which means no one would ever come forward to
claim it and That is why i am asking that you be my partner and we
work together as partners so as to have the sum transferred out of my
bank with your support, i came across your profile online through my
verbal research which i have carried out carefully searching for a
partner who i will be able to trust fully to assist me towards the
execution of this project, i contacted you because i have worked with
many over-seas clients in the past and they have proven to be quite
trust worthy and i do have faith that i can trust you also as a
Foreigner which your profile stated you are, For Your Clarification,
You can Find my official profile in the webpage stated:
I cannot contact you with my bank official email-address because it is
been monitored by my Bank's Security Department and i cannot take such
dangerous risk of contacting you with my official bank email address
which will expose my plans to my bank's server except my private email
address due to the confidentiality of this project, my private email
address is: firstname.lastname@example.org