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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs.Sylvia Metzner" <>
Date: Thu, 21 Mar 2019 16:50:26 -0700
Subject: Representative needed


Our company HYST group Int'l Trading Inc a china based steel tube company is in search for representatives in different parts of the world for representatives who can help us Establish a medium of getting to our customers in same countries, as well as making payments through you to us.

If interested in working with us then contact us for more information, Subject to your satisfaction you will be given the opportunity to negotiate your mode of which we will pay for your services as our representative in Canada/America and Europe. Also note that you can run this job while also working on your other jobs. If you are interested forward to us your Full names, phone number/fax,Occupation Age,Sex and Country of residents to our company email account :

Thanks in advance
Mrs.Sylvia Metzner

Anti-fraud resources: