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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr Moshaver <>
Reply-To: Mr Moshaver <>
Date: Mon, 25 Mar 2019 12:39:16 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: From Moshaver

How are you doing today long time hope your still using this email
I am representing an investor from with the mandate to help find a dependable international trustee to channel the investment fund of US $20 milion into 10 years profitable project that will target a reasonable return on investment (ROI) With a strong plan to compensate your assistance.
This plan will also give you full authority to handle the investment. 10% from the total investment amount has been allocated for compensation.
kindly let me know if you are interested to proceed and what area of investment you would recommend.
Thank you as I await your swift action.
Mr Louis Moshaver

Anti-fraud resources: