fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "economic and financial crime commission" (This name is often mentioned in money recovery scams (re-scam): the real EFCC does not contact victims to offer to get their money back because that is near impossible. )
- "(efcc)" (This name is often mentioned in money recovery scams (re-scam): the real EFCC does not contact victims to offer to get their money back because that is near impossible. )
- "sani abacha" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (Gmail/GoogleMail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "FIRST BANK" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 26 Mar 2019 15:15:27 -0700
Subject: PAYMENT NOTIFICATION......45.65.1
I am contacting you based on the notification letter that we received from the Economic and Financial Crime Commission (EFCC) to release the sum of (US$250,000.00) to each SCAM victim around the globe from the loots recovered from Late.General Sani Abacha family and your name was among the the list.
Before we proceed, you have to forward the following details to ensure that we are dealing with the real beneficiary.
Your full names
Your office or resident address
Your telephone/fax/mobile number
Your age,occupation, marital status including a scan copy of your identification to avoid false claim.
Call me upon receiving this message on + 234 816 962 2603 or you can send text message to speed up our communication.
Executive Director (Public Sector),
First Bank Nigeria Ltd.
Mobile: + 234 816 962 2603.