fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "DR. Robert peru" <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 5 Apr 2019 01:12:08 +0700
Subject: INVESTMENT CAPITAL FOR YOUR PROJECT
FROM DR. Robert Peru
PHONE: PHONE: +44 1173267640
Good day to you,
I have decided to contact you through this medium after reviewing your
honorable and reputable profile and it is my belief that with your
position as a professional in your sector, that you will be in
position to present us with solid investment opportunities in your
Country, sector and other areas of investment.
Presently I am representing a Private Group of Investors who are
Royalties and Political Figures in their Countries as their PRIVATE
FAMILY WEALTH MANAGER and my group of Investors have access to
substantial investment capital which they would like to see their
funds and asset relocated and re-invested in your Country/ Region with
your credible and reputable assistance by providing you, your partners
and clients with private investment finance either as Joint Venture
Partnership project financing or as Private Investment Loans to enable
your and your associates to establish a new project or to improve,
expand and actualize your existing investment projects and at the same
time you will be in total control of the bulk available investment
capital as their FUND PORTFOLIO MANAGER in your Country/ Region and
you will oversee all Investment ventures within your Region.
We will conduct all of our investment transactions discretely in a
100% legal manner and you, your client and partners will have the
opportunity to confirm and receive the due Investment funds through a
Let me know if you have a solid investment plan that needs credible
investment financing and you can email me your proposed project
details directly, along with the executive project summary/ plan and I
will provide you with details, documents and picture ID to
authenticate our investment offer.
DR. Robert Peru