fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand us dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "top secret" (scammers urge victims to keep the transaction secret because they don't want anyone to point out to them that it is a scam)
- "there is no risk involved" (almost true for the criminal trying to scam you - arrests of online criminals are rare)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Chris Edward" <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 09 Apr 2019 00:29:27 +0100
Subject: Hi Dear I'm Waiting For Your Responds
How are you and your family doing ?
First i got your contact on your Country's yellow page and it's my
pleasure written you this very hour,please i want you to come into this
transaction with me and also treat this proposal as a top secret and
delete it if you are not interested and get back to me if you are
interested for details as regards.
I want to let you know that this is not a hoax arrangement. I am going
to give you full details of this transaction bearing in mind that you
will not betray me. My name is Chris I am a Banker and presently I am
senior staff with the bank.
There was a client who had a deposit and had no next of kin in his
account-opening package with our Bank on April 2005, amount was
US$9,500,000.00 (Nine Million, Five Hundred Thousand US Dollars) and he
runs his account with us for months. Sadly he was among the death
victims in the 12 May 2008, Earthquake disaster in China that killed
over 5,000 people you can view this page for your perusal.
http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-22398684 He was in China on
a business trip and that was how he meet his end.
My Bank where the fund was deposited do not yet know about his death,
but I do because i am his account officer and i have been in search of
his next of kin or any foreigner that i can shares these with so to
present him/her as the deceased next of kin.
When I saw your email contact in your Country's email directory i decide
to write to inform you about it and believing you will comply with me to
get these money shared to ourselves and I am now seeking your
co-operation to present you as Next of Kin/ Heir to the deceased account
and the Bank will release the money to you as the heir to the account so
that me and you will share the money to ourselves.
There is no risk involved, the transaction will be executed under a
legitimate arrangement that will protect you and me from any breach of
law. It is better that we claim this money, than allowing the Bank
Directors to take it, they are rich already.
I am not a greedy person, so I am suggesting we share the funds 40% for
you / then 60% for me. and if there is any expenses you incurred over
the transaction it shall be reimburse back you.
From the deceased banking statement he did not mention any Next of Kin/
Heir when the account was opened.
And a telex copy of deposit voucher are with the Bank when the deposit
was made with the bank and i will send it to you. All information about
the deposit are stated in the voucher.
You will receive the funds as the Next of Kin/ Heir and you shall be in
control of the money until i will take a break from work to come over to
meet with you for my share.
Waiting for your responds.
Mr. Chris Edward