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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mallam Abubakar Malam <>
Date: Thu, 11 Apr 2019 09:11:00 -0700
Subject: Attention: Beneficiary,

Be informed that I have received a delivery instruction from Debt
Management Board/Ministry of Finance, Furthermore note that Federal
Government of Nigeria has appointed a UN envoy who will deliver your
consignment box to your address under a special arrangements through a
concealed diplomatic means.

In the light of the above you are hereby advice to re-confirm the
bellow information’s to guide against wrong delivery of your
consignment bag.

Full Name:
Present Address:
Cell Phone Number:
Name of your Nearest International Airport:

I will be waiting for your prompt compliance this letter, to that
effect delivering modalities will be made know to you.

Mallam Abubakar Malam E MAIL,

Director National Security Warehouse Abuja Nigeria:


Anti-fraud resources: