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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "DAVID DUNCAN" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 11 Apr 2019 21:28:26 -0700

David Duncan (FCCA/NCAA)
Investment & Financial Services
Atlanta United state
Telephones +1 843 612 0440

I am a private financier Consultant of prime lending's/investment Company,working with large lending's affiliated to a corporate consortium group operators i secure out Commercial Business Loans and personal loans for any purpose - From 5,000 to 500,000.00,for personal loan and up to 500,000,000.00 for commercial business loan and also provide bank Financial instruments and project financing Loan such as, Bank Guarantee (BG), Standby Letter of credit (SBLC), Bank Draft etc. Funds are Available in Euros,Great British pound and United state dollar,Swiss franc. If you are interested in getting loan for your business or personal use kindly contact me Via E-mail:

Anti-fraud resources: