fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "from the desk of" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: PAYMENT UNIT <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 12 Apr 2019 14:23:57 +0100
Subject: RECEIVE YOUR PAYMENT
This message is coming to you from the Desk of the Chairman Banking,
Insurance & Other Financial Institutions Committee of the Senate of the
Federal Republic of Nigeria.Senator RAFIU IBRAHIM.
Sequel to the meeting we held last week with the (IMF) Director
Ms.Christine Lagarde and all governors of all CENTRAL BANKS, Ministers of
and other concerned financial institution in AFRICA, including the United
Nations and World Bank officials,we deliberated and concluded on this 3
categorizes of DELAYED PAYMENTS ,which are :
*(1)OLD CONTRACTORS DELAYED PAYMENTS ,*
*(2)INHERITANCE/NEXT OF KIN withheld PAYMENTS,*
*(3)SCAMMED VICTIMS /COMPENSATION PAYMENTS,*
And which you are identified to be in one of the 3 above mentioned payment
categories.and that is why i mailed you to notify you that your payment has
been approved to be released to you,as the payment issues has already been
resolved on your behalf and we have commenced on the process of delivering
or transferring your approved payment to you .
However in view of this,if you are still interested to claim your approved
payment,then you are to quickly respond to this mail as soon as possible,
to enable us quickly perfect all the concerned legal Fund Release
documents for immediate transfer/deliver of your funds to you without
Kindly treat this matter with utmost urgency ..And With the assurance of my
cordial esteem and regard, i remain
Hon Senator. RAFIU IBRAHIM.
Chairman Banking, Insurance &
Other Financial Institutions Committee
NIGERIA NATIONAL ASSEMBLY