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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "My Inheritance Partner" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 14 Apr 2019 15:37:34 +0200
Subject: Mr. Paul Louis Halley Inheritance..

Dear Partner,

Compliment's to you, I am Mr.Alexander Malik, an employee of Banco Itaú, a bank based in São Paulo, Brazil. I have an urgent and very confidential

business proposition for you. In January 2001, Late Mr. Paul Louis Halley made a numbered-time (fixed deposit) for twelve calendar months valued at(Twenty

Eight million Five hundred thousand United States Dollars) in a domiciliary account in my branch.

Late Mr. Paul Louis Halley 69yrs, was the seventh richest man in France, and Mr. Hans Frans Walter Brams, a 46yrs Belgian pilot died on 6 December, 2003 near Oxford's airport plane crash of Socata TBM 700 aircraft crash.


After several unsuccessful attempts to locate his family, I have decided to go over the Internet, to try and see if any one could be of assistance to me. I

have contacted you to assist in repatriating the money and property left behind by my client to your country, before they are confiscated or declared unserviceable by the bank where this huge deposits was made. The account values (Twenty Eight million Five hundred thousand United States Dollars) My bank has issued me a notice to provide the next of kin, or have the account confiscated within the next Thirty official working days.

Since I have been unsuccessful in locating the relatives for years now, I seek your consent to present you as the next of kin to the deceased and note your

last name is immaterial. Note that it does not matter whether you are biologically related to the deceased or not as a next of kin may be a parent,sister,

brother, close relative, associate, friend or even a wellwisher.

All I require is your honest co-operation to enable us see this deal through, then you and I can share the money in the ratio of 2:3. You can contact me

through this private e-mail address (

Best Regards,

Mr. Alexander Malik.

Anti-fraud resources: