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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Ivan Francois <>
Reply-To: "" <>
Date: Wed, 8 May 2019 16:17:06 +0000
Subject: reply

Good day, friend. I am a banker with HSBC here in England. I have an interesting
business proposal, that will be of immense benefit for both of us. We stand to gain
£9 million pounds between us in a matter of days. Please grant me the benefit of
doubt and hear me out. I need you to signify your interest by replying to this mail.

Warm regards.

Anti-fraud resources: