fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united state dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a orphan scam.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Abdul David Muthusamy" <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 07 May 2019 06:52:24 -0700
Good Day Dear,
You may be surprise to receive this mail since you donât know me
personally, but with due respect, trust and humility, I write to you
this proposal. I am Mr. Abdul David Muthusamy the son of Mr. Ibrahim
Muthusamy of Darfur Sudan. And my mother Mrs. Monica Muthusamy It is
indeed my pleasure to contact you for assistance of a business venture
which I intend to establish in your country.
I got your contact while I was doing a private research on the Internet
for a reliable foreign partner that will assist me and my family to
transfer sum funds to your personal or private account for investment
purpose Though I have not met with you before, but considering the
recent political instabilities in my country, I believe one has to risk
confiding in success sometimes in life.
There is huge amount of funds (US35 Million) THIRTY FIVE MILLION
UNITED STATE DOLLARS) which my late Father deposited here in a private
security company awaiting claim before he was assassinated by unknown
persons during this war in Darfur Sudan.
Now I have decided to invest the funds in your country or anywhere of
our choice safety reasons. I have mutually agreed to compensate you with
30% of the total amount if you agree to assist me. You can contact me
through this Email firstname.lastname@example.org
All I require is your honest & kind co-operation. I will give you
further details as soon as you show interest in helping me.
I wait for your kind consideration to my proposal.
Mr. Abdul David Muthusamy.