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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Thu, 16 May 2019 17:29:27 -0400
Subject: Hi

Good day friend My name is Patrick Gomez, Esq, an Attorney at Law in United Kingdom I have an interesting business proposal for you that will be of immense benefit for both of us and we stand to gain £12,800,000.00 GBP between us in a matter of days,this may sound unbelievable but it is true please grant me the benefit of doubt and hear me out and i guarantee you that this business proposal is 100% risk free and will guarantee us further business and family relationship.

I need you to signify your interest by replying to this email so i will be able to reply you and provide you with more information about this business proposal your urgent reply will be greatly appreciated.

Kind regards.

Patrick Gomez, Esq.
Attorney at Law, UK

Anti-fraud resources: