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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Peter Alexandra <>
Date: Mon, 27 May 2019 12:20:00 -0700
Subject: RE

Dear Sir/Madam.

I am. Peter Alexandra, a representative of Exxon Mobil in London
( As a senior representative of Exxon that
handle contract related matters,I over invoiced a contract which is
not known by anybody and, I need your full cooperation and partnership
to re-profile funds amounting to US$12.2M. to your name as the
contractor that executed this contract in Asia. At the completion the
sharing rates shall be 60% for me and 40% for you. If you are
interested, please reply for further details.

Best Regards.
Peter Alexandra

Anti-fraud resources: