fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "power of attorney" (with your bank details and a power of attorney form criminals sometimes empty bank accounts)
- "barrister" (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- "barr." (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.
Fraud email example:
From: "Barr.Okello" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 5 Jun 2019 01:24:56 +0200
Subject: Good day.
On my honor, I wish to introduce myself as Barrister, Ogola Okello an attorney, law solicitor in Nairobi; Kenya, we represent the interest of wealthy politicians, chiefs and business tycoons mainly from east and southern parts of Africa. One of my client Dr. Riek Teny Dhurgon Machar (former vice president South Sudan has given me his mandate/irrevocable power of attorney to move and reinvest his liquid assets to a country with high economic possibility for safe keeping and profit purpose, to be managed by a reliable/trustworthy business person/company.
The fund in question is One Hundred and Twenty Million Euros. If you are willing to receive this funds for reinvestment under a non- disclosure joint venture agreement for a renewable period of 5-10 years with an estimated (ROI) return on investments of between 7-10% each financial year.
Kindly reply with a brief of your \intended business ideas/projects/areas of specialization you wish to secure investment for, after review of your intended project for investments, if acceptable, then I shall inform you in details about the financier and then prepare a memorandum of understanding, funds management agreements and send you draft copies for your review.
It will be necessary for us to meet in persons to discuss the details of funds transfer process, your investment/business plans, our physical meeting will also help us clear all doubts and fears of possible scams.
The venue of our meeting should either be in your country,Kenya,Ghana or any other major international cities agreed by both parties.
I am presently in Ghana to meet with the bank presently holding part of the funds. Once again, I assure you that this offer is a legitimate offer and all due process of international business; banking and legal ethics would be adhere and followed during the course of this business.
Once I get your Reply, I will outline the stages and process of this business.