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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs.Jovita Edward" <>
Date: Sat, 08 Jun 2019 17:59:51 +0200
Subject: Greetings from Mrs.Jovita Edward

Greetings from Mrs.Jovita Edward.

May this day bring you peace, happiness, love and all the blessings from
above, may all your desires and dreams come true!

I was thrilled to send this message to you after carefully analyzing
your profile that speaks well to you.

I am Mrs. Jovita Edward, a widow of 69 years old, I am writing to let
you know that my heart desires to establish a charitable foundation in
your country through your noble assistance.

For more information, please reply to me through my personal email:

The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams.


Mrs.Jovita Edward.

Anti-fraud resources: