fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "i will advice you " (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Suvo Sarkar" (may be fake)
Date: Sun, 2 Jun 2019 22:48:06 -0700
Subject: Re: ARE YOU DEAD OR ALIVE?
I am contacting you in regards to your funds transfer which is still on pending, and we have been waiting for you to contact us for you to claim your fund of $58 Million dollars, but to our surprise one Mrs. Brenda Miller came forward for the fund, that you asked her to claim the fund on your behalf with documentary evidence which we are not sure of it source.This was why we decided to contact you to confirm to us if you really sent Mrs Brenda Miller.
She said you instructed that the funds be transferred to the below account detail. I will advise that you change your email password, because your email is been used to write us, but because of the name on the account we have to confirm.
Bank Name : Heritage Oaks
Bank Address : 545 Twelfth St, Paso Robles, California 93448
Phone Number: 1(805)239-5200
Account number: 001453521
Beneficiary Name: Brenda Miller
Most importantly, confirm to us urgently if you gave permission to Mrs Brenda Miller to claim the fund on your behalf and if in case you did authorize anybody, then we will have to stop communicating with the impersonators, because they are trying to divert your fund to themselves. She has tried so hard to change the fund ownership to her name.
NOTE: I will advice you to stop any communcations you are having with any one claiming your funds is with them.
We await your prompt response.
Do reply with your Full information as below:
YOUR FULL NAMES:
DATE OF BIRTH:
NAME OF BANK:
CELL PHONE NUMBERS/LANDLINE PHONE NUMBER:
VALID ID CARD OR PASSPORT SCANS COPY:
We need to have a more secure communication systems in other for me to know you are the real beneficiary. Call me or Text +1 (505) 718-3672
Yours in Service
Federal Reserve System
2200 N Pearl St, Dallas, TX 75201, USA
Phone: +1 (505) 718-3672