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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "FBI OFFICE" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 11 Jun 2019 03:58:49 -0700

FBI Headquarters
935 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, D.C. 20535-0001

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) (CIA) want to inform you officially that we discovered that you have not receive your long approved $10.5m .

You have Pending Value USD10.5M in your name waiting for certification before it can transfer into your account.

FBI and CIA is requesting (DIST DOCUMENTS) and (S.T.D.P DOCUMENT ) , in case you do not have the documents in your possession, contact us back to direct you where you will obtain these vital documents for immediate release of USD10.5M in your name.

U.S. Department of Treasury and other concern agencies have apologize for the delay in releasing your Winning or Inheritance funds.

For proper confirmation and legitimacy of this funds release in your name Kindly do all you can obtain (DIST DOCUMENTS) and (S.T.D.P DOCUMENT for the immediate release of the payment in your name

Mr.Christopher A. Wray
Director Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI
manager-powered by Information Communication Technology Dept.
(C) ICPC USA, registered trademark.

Anti-fraud resources: