fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "my names are " (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Rafael Jorge Lazaro <email@example.com>
Date: Mon, 10 Jun 2019 16:19:17 -0700
Subject: Go ahead. pleased to meet you
I am confirming if you receive the previous email, which i sent last to you. I want to make sure you received it and hopefully you had a chance to look it over, It will work well for you.It's more professional and that you have to be more serious about it,with your dearest relative that lived in Europe for over a decade.I got your contact through your country WebPages, while searching for any possible (Relative) or Last Name to him.
My Names are Rafael Jorge Lazaro a legal representative, personal Attorney to an expatriate building contractor, promoter with an independent business magnate that lived in Europe.I want you to follow up regarding the email I sent to you. My number is Ph: 011 (34) 632-85-6061.
Reply strictly to my personnel Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
With your personal Telephone for effective communication and oral clarification on how to proceed next.
Your Printed Name: ----------------------
Telephone Number: -----------------------
Rafael Jorge Lazaro |(CSC)
Certified, Senior Consultant
+ (34) 632-85-6061