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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Samuel Okono" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 12 Jun 2019 04:31:05 -0700
Subject: Investment Proposal

Dear Sir,
I have a client in Ghana that is interested to Invest $108 million USD in your country and would like to engage you or your company to manage the investent on this project.
If you are interested, kindly respond to my private Email: with your direct telephone number for full discussion of this offer when responding to this email
Thank you.
Barrister Samuel Okono

Anti-fraud resources: