fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "contact me immediately" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Miji Amidu" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 12 Jun 2019 13:14:34 +0100
Subject: Director, Special Assignments, Director-General's Office (6/12/2019)
For your honest attention,
I am the Senior accountant in charge of the final verification and approval of foreign payments in the Debt Management Office of the federal Republic of Nigeria.
I hope this message finds you in good health. I have your information on my desk; your name has appeared here on several occasions as one of the debtors to receive their payment but without any success at last.
Are you aware of this? Please be sincere to me.
I am in direct position to tell you the truth and what I can do to enable you receive this payment.
Contact me immediately if you wish to receive this fund.
Mr. Miji Amidu
(Director, Special Assignments, Director-General's Office)