fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a company representative scam. This type of job offer scam involves the cashing of fake checks and money orders. It could expose you to losses of tens of thousands of dollars as well as to the risk of criminal prosecution and (in some cases) imprisonment.
Fraud email example:
From: "Portal Resources Ltd" (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 22 Jun 2019 20:31:13 +0300
Subject: Earn Extra Cash work from Home
Request for the position of payment receiving officer Part time job
First and foremost, I wish to introduce myself to you. My name is Garry Bounce the owner of Portal Resources Ltd. Our company was established recently and thus recognized by the European Union Government. This company is based in Malaysia.
We are basically into Online Agricultural supplies which are mainly exported from Malaysia and Singapore to our customers in Europe,Canada and USA. Presently, we are dealing with our payment methods as most of our clients in the Europe,United States and Canada prefer to pay us with cheque. It is very cumbersome in accepting such payments due to the new monetary policy in our banking systems here in Asia and this is crippling our business as the nature of our business have numerous customers in Europe,United States and Canada and we can not afford lose them.
We hereby request for your service to act as our payment representative in your country. You shall be entitled to 10% of each payment you receive on our behalf and this shall be a continuous process.
As a representative we need the below information.
1. Your full names
2. Your complete address
3. Telephone numbers.
Upon receipt of this request I will provide you with the necessary details of how to carry out your duty.
For confidential reasons, please send your response to our human resources department. email@example.com
Portal Resources Ltd
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