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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Rev John Obi" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 20 Jun 2019 11:33:51 +0100
Subject: Hello


We have been mandated to release your long awaited fund $5.5million.Via our Swift

ATM Card After a detailed review of your inheritance payment file in our office in

Lagos Nigeria, your Swift Credit Card payment is being processed will be released to

your destination by a courier express service company with the tracking

number.Please re-confirm Your Name,Your Address,Phone,Your Age,
Rev John Obi

Anti-fraud resources: