fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "united state of america" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "U.N Charity Foundation" <email@example.com>
Date: Sat, 29 Jun 2019 16:35:23 +0100
Subject: Reference No. UNF/CG-24021
United Nations Headquarters
Contact Name: Mr. Phillip B.
Tel: +1 212-415-400
U.N Department of Screening
United Nations Secretariat (29th Floor)
405 E 42nd Street
New York, NY 10017
Reference No. UNF/CG-24021
RE: US$2,620,000.00 Grant Award Notification
Are you the owner of this email address? if yes, then congratulations!
This is to notify you that you have been selected by the board of
trustees of the United Nations Charity Foundation based in the United
State of America for a cash grant award of US$2,620,000.00 with
reference No. UNF/CG-1802B, for your business, economic and social
research developments of your community.
The United Nations Charity Foundation grant award is conducted online
annually and geared towards global humanitarian development and
Participants emails were choose worldwide from different categories
based on their personal and business development of their respective
For further details and to collect your US$2,620,000.00 cash grant
award, kindly send your Official Name, telephone and fax number Age,
Occupation, country, today by email with the above reference number.
Mr. Brian Phillip