fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Citi bank United Arab Emirates
Date: Sat, 13 Jul 2019 20:38:43 -0400
Subject: Greetings From Citi bank UAE Dubai Regards your ATM CARD ,
Greetings From Citi bank UAE Dubai Regards your ATM CARD ,
Your total funds which is $4.5 million dollars will be delivered to your
address through ATM Card Delivery Via the United Courier Express
Company.Your ATM Card has been deposited; So kindly update The Managing
Director of Citi bank United Arab Emirates Dubai Email;
1. Your Name which you prefer we use when shipping your ATM Card
2. Your Current mailing (Delivery) Address where your ATM Card should be
3. Your Private Mobile Number for the Priority Express Mail to Contact
you when they arrive at your door step.
4. And also your nearest airport the delivery Agent will land to avoid
making a wrong delivery
Looking forward for your immediate respond to enable us proceed ASAP
Reply this email with the below contact details.
Mr. Rashid Khalifa