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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Patrick Thomas <>
Date: Sun, 14 Jul 2019 01:10:57 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Investment Project Invitation

Hello dear
Investment Project Invitation
Hope this email finds you in good health, I'm an Canadian soldier presently on active service in Afghanistan for peace keeping mission. I urgently need your honorable assistance for business investment that will benefit both of us, yes i really want to establish a long term business investment relationship with you, i want to invest in your country. May i know how economic of your country is and what type of market that really moves there, so that i will know the area to invest on, I do hope you are going to give me your trust in carrying out this venture for our mutual benefit, it's a 100% risk free project but details must be kept in confidence I'm not using this proposal to solicit for money whatsoever

Kindly contact me back, if you are interested and willing to handle the fund and proposed project and confirm the following for more details Your full name , Your Phone no , occupation, date of birth , Your Address and Country of Origin, Please reply to my very confidential mail for more details regards to this venture. Await your responds and God bless you.
Yours sincerely Gen Mr Patrick Thomas

Anti-fraud resources: