fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (Gmail/GoogleMail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr.George Moore" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 24 Jul 2019 08:10:11 -0700
Subject: Buisness Partnership !
I am Mr.George Moore from U.k. I deal on Gold and Diamond, I am currently in Ghana. I sell and export Gold and Diamond
mainly to the, UAE, Middle East, Asia, European Countries and America.
I have good contacts to buy cheap Gold and Diamonds from Ghana.
I have a great opportunity of establishing a Gold and Diamond exporting company in Ghana.
I need a partner, for partnership , this is why I am contacting you, that we can as a joint business partner register
a license Gold exporting company in Ghana-West Africa, that our company will be a Mining company, that Mine and export
Gold and Diamond for sales in the countries I have mentioned above with my contacts and also to your own desired countries and contacts.
Our company will also be into the Purchase of Gold and Diamonds from Local Minners, that needs buyers.
I have contacts to purchase Gold and Diamond mining lands in Ghana.
You should indicate your Interest by sending me an E-mail to my personal email address email@example.com
I look forward to read from you.