fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- "affidavit " (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: "Kalima Kamokai" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 07 Aug 2019 14:41:32 +0700
Subject: PLEASE READ
I am Kalima Kamokai an Attorney At Law,I contact you because of funds (US$50.5
Million) my client secretly deposited here in Togo with a Finance
Company. This fund has not been claimed since his death.
My client is an expatriate with Chevron company.Since the death of my
Late client I and the finance company has made
frantic efforts to ensure that this fund be given back to the relatives.
Much to my surprise, all efforts proved abortive.
I also contacted his embassy here to locate the relatives of my
client, all was unsuccessful.
I am contacting you in confidence to assist in repatriating the fund US$50.5
million before it gets confiscated by the Finance Company here in Togo
I promised the finance company that I will provide the next of kin of
this fund to my client..
You might not be related in any form, I will prepare a legal affidavit
from the court to legally back you up for the claims of this fund.
This fund has lasted in this
company for over 2 years now.
I will be very greatful to partner with you as to quietly move this
fund to you.Once you receive the fund, I
will come over to you for the sahring.
Kindly ask me any question(s) you
deemed necessary to.