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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Tito Mboweni" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 9 Aug 2019 20:22:47 +0100


I write in respect of the fund brought to the department of National Treasury from Reserve bank in your name.

From the detailed report contained in the file that accompanied the fund, the fund was supposed to be transferred to you from Reserve bank, but was not due to some reasons that were not specified in the file.

The fund is 126,000,000 ZAR. Do you know about it?

This notification stands as the first and final notice for your fund to be released to you and after 5 working days of this notification, if I do not hear from you, we shall have no other option than to send the fund over to government coffers as unclaimed.

You are required to re-confirm the following details, so that we can commence your fund release process;

1, Your full name and age.
2, Your occupation.
3, Your cell phone number.

Yours Sincerely.

Tito Mboweni
Honorable Minister of Finance,
Republic of South Africa.

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Anti-fraud resources: