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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: " Dr. Frank Lee " <>
Date: 09 Aug 2019 14:31:31 -0700
Subject: your payment transfer immediately

Dear Dr. James Wyckoff,


I hope that this correspondence is received with the urgency and
expediency required.

It has come to the notice of the Board of Trustees at the CBN
that your present inheritance claims application being handled by
the Remitting Bank in Nigeria is experiencing some man-made
irregularities. To this effect, it has become necessary for the
Board of Trustees to invite trained Fund Transfer Specialists
from the United States America to resolve and regularize your
fund release with immediate effect. We at Dr. Frank Lee &
Associates have been duly consulted by the CBN Board of Trustees
and have been fully informed about how the staff of the remitting
bank has been taking advantage of you by telling you to pay
unnecessarily exorbitant charges which will only make your fund
payment a long drawn out process.

Due to this we have decided to step into the process of your fund
transfer to enable your funds to be transferred within the
soonest possible time you are to get back to us immediately
without needing to pay all the huge sums of monies that are being
demanded from you by the remitting bank. All processes to have
your funds paid to you immediately through the CBNs Liaison
Remittance Office in New York have been initiated to cut out
unnecessary costs.

You are advised to keep this communication highly confidential as
the CBN Board of Trustees have asked us to resolve this fund
payment independent of the office of the CBN Governor to identify
the principal participants in this unethical payment procedure.

Furthermore, you are hereby advised to pay no further fees or
charges to the Remitting Bank in Nigeria as they shall no longer
be handling your payment process. We shall await your immediate
despondence with your direct telephone numbers for re-
confirmation to my confidential email address at
( so that we may conclude your payment
transfer immediately. contact me only on this address

Yours Sincerely,
Dr. Frank Lee

Anti-fraud resources: