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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Eng. Victor Mukoro" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 23 Aug 2019 16:07:38 -0000
Subject: From Eng. Victor Mukoro

Attention: Beneficiary,

I am Eng. Victor Mukoro, Debt Reconciliation Committee of the office of the presidency, I have been directed by His Excellency, the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (MUHAMMADU BUHARI), SFF, GCRF), to bring to your immediate notice and urgent attention that this new Government Following the Federal Executive Council Decision have approval the released of your long over-due Contract payment.

Be informed that all matters relating to verification, information and documentation including payment for contracts executed are now under my control and supervision. The sum of 2 Billion Dollars acquired from the on-going petroleum subsidy removal has been approved for payment of all foreign indebted contractors.

A Signal has been sent to Director Remittance Department of United Bank For Africa (UBA) for the immediate transfer of your funds and Eleven (11) other contractors within the next seventy two (72) hours. You are advised immediately to contact Mr.Frances Nweke, on his telephone number: +2349021344502 Email: ( ) for the immediate transfer on your long overdue contract payment.

This office will ensure that adequate attention and priority is given to your contract file. Finally you are advised to adhere to the instruction of the Director Remittance Department of United Bank For Africa (UBA) to enable his office release your contract sum to you within the stipulated time.

Beneficiaries, who fail to comply with the above instruction, shall not be considered for payment.

Congratulation in advance
Yours Faithfully
Eng. Victor Mukoro

Anti-fraud resources: