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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Cash Alarm Message." <>
Date: Fri, 23 Aug 2019 14:36:42 +0100
Subject: Credit Alert Payment info, rely now

I have a good news for you concern what The new president of Economic
community of west Africa States(Ecowas) and Benin President has
mandated our office to contact you based the fund that was on your
name since which was seized by the previous administration. The fund
was released today ,what it will takes you to receive this fund
$45,000,000.00 is your bank details,telephone,Id Card and the sum of
$195.00 for Ecowas bailout fee.

If you can trust and obey this instruction, you will joyfully receive
the fund this period. Do forward your information details along with
the ECOWAS tax clearance fee $195 which is only fee you will pay to
have full contact with us and to get the Bank draft within three
working days. Thank you as you obey the instruction.

Your Obedient.
Barrister Marcel souz.
The French Bar Association of Benin Republic.

Anti-fraud resources: