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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Daniella Kyle" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 23 Aug 2019 21:37:37 +0300
Subject: [SPAM]Treat urgent.

Please permit me to seek your consent and assistance in establishing children charity foundation in your area. I am Daniella Kyle, wife of Angelo Kyle. I am from Quezon, Guadalupe, Northeast of Manila Philippines. I was married to a wonderful man Mr. Angelo Kyle who unfortunately passed away in 2017. My husband worked with the Apex Bank of Philippines for over ten years before his death.
Before his death, he invested some amount of money with an offshore bank. The money is still with the bank and I am in a hospital in the Philippines receiving treatment for esophageal cancer which my doctor said I have just couple of weeks to live. Thus the reason for this mail.
I am a dying woman without a child. Faced with the reality that I will not be alive to access the money, I am asking you to receive the funds and use it to establish children charity foundation in your community to foster the welfare of children and where you may not be able to take on the responsibility, you may donate 60% of the total sum to charity foundation in charge of children welfare in your community.
My husband and I do not have kids and my husband's relatives has taken possession of properties we once had here in the Philippines leaving me with nothing to fend for myself. At the critical stage of my health, money is no longer a concern for me but to ensure to do a lasting act of kindness. This is why I've decided to donate the funds for children welfare.
I shall be undergoing major surgery in few days from now and I want to will my inheritance to you and to enable you set up the charity foundation. Please reply to this e-mail urgently indicating your interest.
Daniella Kyle

Anti-fraud resources: