fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "may come to you as a surprise" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Mustafa Mohamed Zarti <email@example.com>
Date: Mon, 26 Aug 2019 11:53:53 -0700
Subject: MY DEAR FRIEND
I know this may come to you as a surprise but it is my greatest willingness to partner with you to establish a viable business in your country.
My Name is Mustafa Mohamed Zarti, I am from Libya and Austria by Birth, you may have read about me in the news.
The call up capital to be invested in this business is $120,000,000.00(One Hundred and Twenty Million Dollars) only which I will want you to invest it in my behalf in your country.
This money is derived from the sales of Libyan crude oil with Dong Energy Company Denmark.
Mores information and Documents for proof will be sent to you as soon as i receive your response along with your Private and direct phone number.
Thank you as you indicate your willingness to partner with me.
Mustafa Mohamed Zarti
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If you are not the addressee you may not copy, forward, disclose or use any part of it.
If you have received this message in error, please delete it and all copies from your system and notify the sender immediately by return e-mail.
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