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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mustafa Mohamed Zarti <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 26 Aug 2019 11:53:53 -0700

Dear Friend,

I know this may come to you as a surprise but it is my greatest willingness to partner with you to establish a viable business in your country.

My Name is Mustafa Mohamed Zarti, I am from Libya and Austria by Birth, you may have read about me in the news.

The call up capital to be invested in this business is $120,000,000.00(One Hundred and Twenty Million Dollars) only which I will want you to invest it in my behalf in your country.

This money is derived from the sales of Libyan crude oil with Dong Energy Company Denmark.

Mores information and Documents for proof will be sent to you as soon as i receive your response along with your Private and direct phone number.

Thank you as you indicate your willingness to partner with me.


Mustafa Mohamed Zarti


The information transmitted is intended only for the person or entity to which it is addressed and may contain confidential and/or privileged material. Any review, retransmission, dissemination or other use of, or taking of any action in reliance upon, this information by persons or entities other than the intended recipient is prohibited.
If you are not the addressee you may not copy, forward, disclose or use any part of it.
If you have received this message in error, please delete it and all copies from your system and notify the sender immediately by return e-mail.
Internet communications cannot be guaranteed to be timely, secure, error or virus-free. The sender does not accept liability for any errors or omissions.


Anti-fraud resources: