fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear beneficiary," (this SPAM email was probably sent to thousands of people)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs. Sandra Keldford" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 26 Aug 2019 17:17:15 -0700
Subject: GOOD DAY
We want to officially notify you that your funds valued at US$5.5M being
payment for your Overdue Accrued pending payment has been programmed to
be transferred Did you authorized Mrs. Pauline Campbell to claim your
your behalf with the bank account details bellow.
Bank Name: Bank Of America
Bank Address: 160 E. Yorba Linda Blvd.Placentia, CA.,92870 USA.
Account Name: Pauline Campbell
Account Number: 07607- 44492
Routing number: 122000661
Bank Swift Code: BOFAUS3N.
Finally you are required to get back to us and send your Telephone
Number and Address for easy communication and if we did not hear from
within5 banking days we will assume that you did transfer your ownership
Mrs.Pauline Campbell and we will have no other option than to pay her
amount without delay.
We look forward to your swift response.
Mrs. Sandra Keldford