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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Chester Hoffman" <>
Date: Mon, 26 Aug 2019 13:39:45 +0200
Subject: You must reply ASAP before your deadline ....

- This mail is in HTML. Some elements may be ommited in plain text. -

Dear Respected friend,
We want to inform you that Your facebook account has been selected as
one of the lucky winners of One Million US dollars, $US 1,000,000
from the 2019 facebook users promotion award sponsored by facebook CEO Mr Mark Zuckerberg,
but the amount of money that was awarded to you is still tagged unclaimed and we advice you to contact the
award office now to claim your gift before deadline.
The news of this award can be found in the abc News and some local News papers in US.
We contacted you here because this is the email you registered with facebook.
To receive your award, you must reply to this email and send the
following information before claims deadline:
1. Your Full name 2. address/country: 3. Phone: 4. Sex :5. Age :6. Profession.
You should send the above information to Chester Hoffman" through the below email address:
Once we receive your claims details, your award will be processed and your money will be remitted to you.
Chester Hoffman,
operating officer,
Palo Alto, US.
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Anti-fraud resources: