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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr Xu Luo" <>
Date: Tue, 20 Aug 2019 04:46:08 +0800

Hello Dear,

How are you doing? I hope this mail finds you well and we can discuss about my proposal.

I am Dr. Xu Luo; I work in Oil Well and Production in King County, TX

I have oil project in Texas I want to involve you, this project is capital intensive and risk free.

First we have to know each other well if you are interested in this project, send me your complete details to enable me brief you more details.


Dr. Xu Luo.

Anti-fraud resources: