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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "USbank Alert" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 27 Aug 2019 13:10:34 +0100
Subject: Citi-bank Fund Credit Alert


Good Morning

Our bank CITI BANK Have Successfully completed crediting your US$ 10.5 Million to government approved Central Server Account with US-bank, unfortunately the system is requesting payment identification code Having tried with the existing reference.

I have contacted US-bank and the United States Government Due process Office/Dollar Currency Clearring House to enable and allocate to you a new payment identification code access for crediting of your fund direct to your account through their approved Payment server.

Note:All correspondence should be directed to Mr.Richard Davis(US bank Foreign Operations)

Contact:Mr.Richard Davis( US bank Foreign Operations Manager)

Please work on this urgently and sorry for the inconveniences.

Thank you

Barbara Claus(Citibank Credit Unit), New York
Head Admin Office

Anti-fraud resources: