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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Staff Sergeant Williams Henry Aaron. <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 27 Aug 2019 17:49:05 +0300
Subject: I believe you can be trusted.

Dear: Sir/Madam,
Good Day,
My name is Staff Sergeant Williams Henry Aaron serve in Afghanistan (United States Armed Forces) as I want you to assist me receive two boxes Contain Gold and Fund for safe keeping until I return home, further explanation will be given once you indicate your readiness.
I believe you can be trusted.
God bless you and America.
Best Regards,
Staff Sergeant Williams Henry Aaron.

Anti-fraud resources: