fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "dear beneficiary," (this SPAM email was probably sent to thousands of people)
- "power of attorney" (with your bank details and a power of attorney form criminals sometimes empty bank accounts)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 28 Aug 2019 14:29:05 +0200
Subject: This is very urgent and your attention is needed.
This is very urgent and your attention is needed.
In our office sometime last month, One Mr. John T. Kehoe of 1200 Fitch Way, Sacramento, CA. 95864 filed an application contrary to your Pending fund transfer. The above mentioned person visited this Bank yesterday with a power of attorney given in his favor by yourself, granting him the benefit to process and claim your inheritance of $12,500,000.00(Twelve Million Five Hundred United States Dollars Only) for personal reasons.
He further Stated that the online account be terminated while the fund should be wired to his Bank account with Bank of America, Routing Number 121000358. We have asked Mr. John T. Kehoe to come back to the Bank within 48hours to enable us have a personal confirmation from you, being hitherto the beneficiary.
Our office needs to know:
1. Did you instruct Mr. John T. Kehoe of 1200 Fitch way, Sacramento, CA. 95864, to claim and receive the payment on your behalf?
2. Did you sign any 'Deed of Assignment' in his favor thereby making him the current beneficiary?
We are sorry to have delayed your instruction in giving out this fund since we must adhere to the procedures of this honorable bank by making sure this request is verified and confirmed by the beneficiary and his existing attorney. I advise you contact me very urgent via alternative email at (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Your confirmation to the above will be appreciated. We look forward to hearing from you soon.
Mr. Andy Bob
For: African Development Bank Group