fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "European Debt Recovery" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Reply-To: "European Debt Recovery" <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 3 Sep 2019 22:55:16 +0100
Subject: Re [ Details About ]
I'm very sorry to reach you through this medium. I am a member of the European Debt Recovery Unit and I am aware of your ordeal about your unpaid fund.
It may interest you to know that not long after the Debt Management Office (DMO) completed the merger and acquisition process of all pending payments occasion through the petition raised by the international community about their unpaid funds. I discovered that their boss connived with some top officials to divert funds approve to settle unpaid inheritances, email lottery winners, Internet scam victims, unclaimed consignments(concealed funds) and International Contractors.
The DMO has already given the approval to pay your fund but they deliberately withheld your payment file and continue to demand fees from you through their associates from different unassigned affiliates mostly from Africa, the US and the Netherlands all in trying to frustrate you and enrich themselves. I wonder why you havenât noticed all this while.
You may choose to disbelieve this email as inconceivable but my doctrine does not let such an act, the reason I have to open up to you to seek the right channel. DMO was authorized to release your fund via their asset management firm with claim code numbers, supposedly to have been issued to you.
Upon your response, I shall guide you through and offer you with details to contact the assigned affiliate who will immediately ease the release of your fund.
Thanks and have a wonderful day.
EUROPEAN DEBT RECOVERY AGENT, UK
*********************** LEGAL WARNING ***********************
THIS MESSAGE IS INTENDED EXCLUSIVELY TO THIS EMAIL firstname.lastname@example.org AND MAY CONTAIN PRIVILEGED OR CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION. IF YOU ARE NOT THE INTENDED RECIPIENT, YOU ARE HEREBY NOTIFIED THAT ANY READ, DISSEMINATION AND / OR UNAUTHORIZED COPYING IS PROHIBITED UNDER THE LAW. IF YOU HAVE RECEIVED THIS EMAIL IN ERROR, PLEASE IMMEDIATELY NOTIFY ELECTRONIC MAIL AND DELETE IT.