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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Sergt. Chris" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 3 Sep 2019 14:57:34 -0700
Subject: Pls Confirm Your interest.... 177

Cher Monsieur / Madame,

Je suis le Sgt. Chris Burger, armée américaine de 88 millions de soldats, servant dans la force de maintien de l’armée à Bagdad, en Irak. Déplacé en Afghanistan, mon temps de recherche, j'ai trouvé votre adresse e-mail. Il me fait plaisir de vous proposer mon partenariat en entreprise. Je sollicite votre attention pour recevoir deux troncs en mon nom, je crois que vous pouvez avoir confiance en vous et vous en occuper.

J'explique davantage quand je reçois une réponse de votre part.

Que Dieu vous bénisse, vous et l'Amérique, merci pour votre coopération à l'avance.

Meilleures salutations,
Sgt. Chris Burger

Anti-fraud resources: