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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr Muller Dieter" <>
Date: Sat, 07 Sep 2019 18:06:32 +0100
Subject: leihen ohne sorgen

Brauchen Sie dringend Geld? Wir können dir helfen!
Bist du durch die aktuelle Situation in Schwierigkeiten oder droht dir Ärger?
Auf diese Weise geben wir Ihnen die Möglichkeit, eine neue Entwicklung zu nehmen.
Als reiche Person fühle ich mich verpflichtet, Menschen zu helfen, die Schwierigkeiten haben, ihnen eine Chance zu geben. Jeder verdiente eine zweite Chance und da die Regierung scheitert, wird es von anderen kommen müssen.

Anti-fraud resources: